Intestinal colitis is a chronic inflammatory disease that can affect the walls of the intestine.
There are several factors that can cause this disease, one of which is the type of your diet. Intestinal colitis has symptoms such as malnutrition and pain. In addition to avoiding foods that are harmful to the gastrointestinal tract, there are foods that can help the treatment process.
There are simple home remedies that you can use to prevent and treat this disease. Traditional medicine also suggests lifestyle changes to treat this disease. On the other hand, taking painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs can have long-term side effects. So, the consumption of minerals and vitamins help to improve and reduce the possible complications of this disease.
What is intestinal colitis?
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). IBD includes a group of diseases that can affect the gastrointestinal tract. This disease occurs when the lining of the large intestine, rectum, or both become inflamed.
This inflammation leads to small sores on the lining of the large intestine. It usually starts from rectum and extends upwards. Intestinal colitis can affect your entire large intestine. Inflammation causes the contents of the bowel to be emptied slowly but frequently. As cells on the surface of the intestinal mucosa are destroyed, ulcers form. Wounds may cause bleeding, mucus secretion and pus.
Researchers believe that intestinal colitis can be the result of an overactive immune system. However, it is not clear why the immune system reacts that way in the large intestine. Genetics, immune disorders, and environmental factors such as bacteria, viruses, and antigens may stimulate your immune system.
The role of nutrition in intestinal colitis
The role of nutrition in the development of intestinal colitis, is so effective that doctors advise people to avoid foods that cause inflammation of the intestines. Experts in traditional medicine also believe the consumption of harmful foods as the main cause of this disease.
Symptoms of colitis can become very acute, if proper nutrients are not consumed.
Most of these patients are malnourished as their intestines excrete nutrients. They should also limit their intake of milk and dairy products, white flour, fatty meats and nuts.
The severity of the symptoms of intestinal colitis varies from person to person.
Symptoms can also change over time. People may experience mild symptoms at times or no symptoms at all, and the symptoms may be severe at times.
Common symptoms of this disease are:
- stomach ache
- Increased abdominal sounds
- Bloody stools
- Anal pain
- Weight Loss
Intestinal colitis can also cause problems such as:
- Joint pain
- Joint swelling
- Nausea and loss of appetite
- Skin problems
- Oral ulcers
- Inflammation of the ey
What to eat for intestinal colitis?
In addition to avoiding foods that irritate the gut, patients should consider eating nutritious foods that are safe for the gut. These foods should contain plenty of water-soluble fiber, vitamins, and minerals and other nutrients. Home remedies such as dates, distillates and fruits as well as traditional therapies with useful foods are effective.
Home remedies for intestinal colitis
By treating intestinal colitis, which is a chronic disease, we mean to reduce the inflammation caused by its symptoms. For most people with this disease, the use of home remedies and traditional treatments is recommended. Some of these treatments you can do at home include:
Dates and intestinal colitis
Dates contain high amounts of soluble fiber and potassium, which are very useful and necessary for digestion.
Distillates and intestinal colitis
Consumption of various distillates, such as turmeric with honey, and lemon juice, and also chamomile distillate. help to reduce intestinal inflammation and relieve pain.
Fruits are the main source of fiber. The fiber of some fruits, such as pomegranate, mango and cucumber does not irritate the stomach and intestines and can be easily absorbed. This will help strengthen the intestines.
Traditional medicine and intestinal colitis
From the perspective of traditional medicine, changing the lifestyle and having a proper and healthy diet can be the best treatments for intestinal colitis. According to these experts, consuming small amounts of coffee can help reduce intestinal inflammation as it contains caffeine, water, a variety of antioxidants, vitamins and minerals. Consumption of sorrel, turmeric and dill with boiling water can also have a positive effect on reducing intestinal inflammation. Ginger, fenugreek, peppermint, olive oil and hemp oil are some of the other things that can be consumed with food and even reduce the harmful effects of other unhealthy foods.
Chemical treatments of intestinal colitis
What medication you take depends on the severity of your symptoms.
For mild symptoms, your doctor may prescribe medication to reduce inflammation and swelling such as mesalamine (Asacol and Lialda), sulfasalazine (azulfidine), balsalazide (colazal), ollasazine (Dipentum), 5-aminosalicylate (5-ASA). These medications help reduce the symptoms.
Some people, may need corticosteroids to reduce inflammation, but as these can have side effects, doctors always recommend their limited use. If your illness is associated with an infection, you may need antibiotics. If you experience moderate to severe symptoms, your doctor will prescribe a medication known as a biologic. Antibodies also help control intestinal inflammation.
Vitamins and minerals to improve intestinal colitis
Some people cannot eat a variety of foods, so they take vitamins and minerals supplements to improve intestinal colitis. Omega-3s and probiotics help strengthen the gut. Taking vitamin B9 and iron also improves anemia as some people with intestinal colitis experience bleeding. Treating anemia will help them improve their symptoms. If you are using chemical drugs to treat this disease, it is also better to take calcium and vitamin D supplements, because chemical drugs increase the risk of osteoporosis. Consumption of protein and vitamin C also has a protective effect on the intestine.
Intestinal colitis is one of the most common gastrointestinal diseases among people that if left untreated can lead to serious complications. By knowing the symptoms and the cause of this disease, you can prevent it. Nutrition is a key factor that can have a great effect on the incidence and severity of intestinal irritation. Therefore, in addition to treatment with chemical drugs, the consumption of some vitamin-rich and nutritious foods is recommended. Such foods help reduce the symptoms and inflammation of the gut and can reduce the effect of harmful foods and chemicals.