What is Vitamin B2?

B2 or Riboflavin is on of the B vitamin groups. Riboflavin plays a key role in breakdown of food components, absorption of other nutrients and maintenance of tissues. Vitamin B2 is water-soluble, so eating too much of this vitamin is not harmful for the body because the excess amount is transported through the bloodstream and excreted in urine and sweat.
Riboflavin can be found naturally in some foods. This vitamin maybe added to some foods or entered our body through dietary supplements. The highest amount of vitamin B2 is absorbed in the small intestine.
Vitamin B2 is light sensitive and if it is exposed to light it will be lost very quickly. That’s why cereal products will no longer contain riboflavin when exposed to sunlight before consumption. Therefore, in factories that produce such foods, vitamin B2 is added artificially. For example, riboflavin is used as a supplement in bread or as a food coloring to color candies and as riboflavin is a water-soluble vitamin, its overdose can cause the urine to turn yellow. This vitamin is very resistant to heat and will not be destroyed by cooking, but it is better to know that baking soda can make it disappeared.

Vitamin B2

Symptoms of Vitamin B2 Deficiency

One of the functions of Vitamin-B2 is producing nutrients for the body, so Riboflavin deficiency can cause other nutrients deficiencies in the body. Anemia is a complication of iron deficiency. Inadequate vitamin-B2 intake during pregnancy can impair fetal growth and cause preeclampsia (a dangerous increase in blood pressure during pregnancy), which is very dangerous and even deadly.
Although riboflavin deficiency is very rare in people who have access to dietary supplements, you should see your doctor if you notice any of these symptoms because it may cause problems with food absorption. Celiac disease and Crohn’s disease are diseases that occur due to a lack of riboflavin in the body.
Deficiency of any vitamin in the body has a number of obvious symptoms, which in vitamin-B2 deficiency case includes redness and burning sensation of the eyes, sensitivity to light, dry lips, inflammation of the mouth and sores on the tongue. Dandruff or abnormal oiliness of the scalp, wrinkles on the skin and brittle nails are other symptoms of vitamin B2 deficiency. Lack of sufficient riboflavin in the body affects the function of the adrenal glands and this incorrect function causes problems such as anemia, cataracts, chronic fatigue syndrome etc.
Dry skin in certain areas, such as around the mouth and on the tongue, can indicate a lack of vitamin B2 in the body. If you do not pay attention to this deficiency, the body will face problems such as swallowing problems, inflamed tongue, seborrheic dermatitis and even nerve dysfunction. Other symptoms of riboflavin deficiency include fatigue, dandruff, severe hair loss, indigestion, and vertigo.

Symptoms of Vitamin B2 Deficiency

Benefits of Vitamin B2

Vitamin B2 plays an important role in the general health of the body. Among the benefits of this water-soluble vitamin are the following:

1. Energy production

Vitamin B2 helps in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins in the body and its conversion into energy.

2. Increase blood circulation

Riboflavin is useful and necessary for the production of red blood cells and antibodies and it improves blood circulation and supply oxygen for other organs.

3. Promoting growth and reproduction

One of the other vitamin B2 benefits is strengthening the reproductive system. In addition, the growth of tissues such as skin, connective tissue, eyes, nervous system and Immune system also requires riboflavin. The health and beauty of hair, nails and skin depends on the presence of riboflavin. Because vitamin-B2 is effective in making Protein, therefore it is very important for hair growth.

4. Regulation of thyroid function

Vitamin B2 is also effective in regulating the thyroid gland activities.

5. Prevention of some diseases

Effects of vitamin B2 in the prevention of some diseases such as migraine headaches, cataracts, acne, skin allergies, Rheumatoid arthritis and eczema are also undeniable.

6. Skin care

Vitamin B2 is very important in the secretion of skin mucosa and the elimination of pus pimples. Another benefit of vitamin B2 is accelerating the repair of damaged skin tissues.

7. Protecting the nervous system:

Vitamin B2 is also used for the treatment of some diseases such as epilepsy, Numbness, MS, Alzheimer’s, anxiety, etc. According to studies, it is claimed that the simultaneous consumption of vitamins B2 and B6 can treat carpal tunnel syndrome.

8. Boosting eyesight

Vitamin B2 can cause improvement in vision and corneal health.

9. Control HIV disease

Riboflavin can slow down the process of AIDS in the body.

10. Help the fetus grow

Vitamin B2 has positive effects on the growth of the fetus, but this is only a claim and has not been scientifically proved. However, taking riboflavin along with vitamin A is vital for those who intend to become mothers.

11. Boosting the immune system

One of the vitamin B2 functions is to strengthen antibodies and the immune system. Which can make the body resistant to infections.
Benefits of Vitamin B2

Rich sources of vitamin B2

With a balanced and proper diet you can provide enough amount of vitaminB2 for your body. This vitamin is present in dairy products such as milk.
Other sources of vitamin B2
• Egg yolk
• Red meat
• Salmon
• Dark meat (meat that has more myoglobin, such as pie) Birds)
• Tuna
• Soybean
• Almonds
• Cereals such as wheat
• Liver
• Avocado
• Broccoli
• Lean meat
• Mushrooms
• Fatty fish such as mackerel, hemp and ext.
• Millet
• Sunflower seeds
• Beans
• Plants with green leaf such as spinach and asparagus
• Whole grains
• Carrots, apples, figs, cabbage


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