What is celiac disease?

What is celiac disease?

Celiac disease is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease associated with autoimmunity. This disease is accelerated by a gluten containing diet in people with a genetic predisposition. Celiac disease is caused by eating gluten. Gluten is a protein component found in wheat, buckwheat (rye) and barley except oats.

Celiac Disease

Other diseases may cause inflammation of the small intestine, but not celiac disease. Typically, celiac disease is caused by an increasing number of lymphocytes in the epithelium (cover tissue).

Based on the Intestinal histology, celiac disease is classified into 4 categories in terms of severity.

In this Gastrointestinal disease, the small intestinal villi

are damaged and the absorption of substances is impaired.

Patients may experience intolerance symptoms if they eat gluten containing foods. the presence of gluten in the intestinal tissue causes an autoimmune reactions

Early diagnosis and treatment with diet can prevent than severe side effects.

Currently, serological tests and small bowel biopsies, genetic tests and endoscopy are performed to diagnose the disease.

Symptoms of celiac disease:

Some people exposure to celiac disease in childhood and some in adulthood. Children have more gastrointestinal symptoms than adults. Due to the various effects of this disease on different people, it is difficult to recognize celiac disease. However, there is common symptoms for recognizing celiac.

some of the common symptoms of celiac disease in children

some of the common symptoms of celiac disease in adults


Liver disorders

Chronic diarrhea


Colorless stools


Weight loss



Defecation Colorectal ulcers

Flatulence and abdominal pain

Elimination of menstrual periods in women

Impaired Growth and Maturity

Numbness  hands and feet

Short height

Bone or Joint Pain

Irritability and behavioral problems

Infertility or recurrent miscarriage


Itchy Spines on the Skin


Celiac treatment:

The only treatment currently available for people with celiac disease is a gluten free diet.

Adherence to this diet has reduced symptoms and treat in many people. In addition to this diet, your doctor may also prescribe medication.


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