What is celiac disease?
Celiac disease is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease associated with autoimmunity. This disease is accelerated by a gluten containing diet in people with a genetic predisposition. Celiac disease is caused by eating gluten. Gluten is a protein component found in wheat, buckwheat (rye) and barley except oats.
Other diseases may cause inflammation of the small intestine, but not celiac disease. Typically, celiac disease is caused by an increasing number of lymphocytes in the epithelium (cover tissue).
Based on the Intestinal histology, celiac disease is classified into 4 categories in terms of severity.
In this Gastrointestinal disease, the small intestinal villi
are damaged and the absorption of substances is impaired.
Patients may experience intolerance symptoms if they eat gluten containing foods. the presence of gluten in the intestinal tissue causes an autoimmune reactions
Early diagnosis and treatment with diet can prevent than severe side effects.
Currently, serological tests and small bowel biopsies, genetic tests and endoscopy are performed to diagnose the disease.
Symptoms of celiac disease:
Some people exposure to celiac disease in childhood and some in adulthood. Children have more gastrointestinal symptoms than adults. Due to the various effects of this disease on different people, it is difficult to recognize celiac disease. However, there is common symptoms for recognizing celiac.
some of the common symptoms of celiac disease in children
some of the common symptoms of celiac disease in adults
Defecation Colorectal ulcers
Flatulence and abdominal pain
|Elimination of menstrual periods in women|
Impaired Growth and Maturity
|Numbness hands and feet|
Bone or Joint Pain
Irritability and behavioral problems
Infertility or recurrent miscarriage
Itchy Spines on the Skin
The only treatment currently available for people with celiac disease is a gluten free diet.
Adherence to this diet has reduced symptoms and treat in many people. In addition to this diet, your doctor may also prescribe medication.