Vitamins that are not made in the body
Vitamins are the compounds that everyone needs to stay healthy. Most of times we need to eat food to provide vitamins. Because some of them are not produced in the body or are made in small quantities. In this article, we will talk about vitamins, their different types and introduce vitamins that are not produced in the body.
What is a vitamin?
Vitamins are substances that are present in small amounts in natural foods. Having small amounts of certain vitamins in the body may increase the risk of some diseases.
Types of vitamins
Vitamins are divided into two general categories: fat-soluble and water-soluble. In the following, we will explain these two categories.
Vitamins A, D, E and K are fat soluble. The body stores fat-soluble vitamins in adipose tissue and liver. These vitamins can stay in our body for days and sometimes months. The body absorbs fat-soluble vitamins through the intestinal tract.
Water-soluble vitamins do not stay in the body for long. They are excreted in the urine and cannot be stored. That’s why people need regular intake of these vitamins. Vitamin C and all B vitamins are Water-soluble.
10 vitamins that are not made in our body
Every living being can produce different vitamins. For example, humans should get vitamin C in their diets, while dogs can produce the amount of vitamin C they need. The human body can make two vitamins, B3 and B12. While it receives vitamin D when exposed to sunlight. In the following, we will introduce the vitamins that the body is not able to make.
Scientific name: Retinol
Function: Essential for eye health.
Deficiency: Its deficiency may cause night blindness and keratomalacia, which causes the front layer of the eye to become dry and cloudy.
Sources: It can be found in liver, carrots, broccoli, potatoes, butter, cabbage, spinach, pumpkin, vegetables, some cheeses, eggs, apricots, melons, cantaloupe and milk.
Scientific name: Thiamine
Function: Has a key role in the production of various enzymes that help break down blood sugar.
Deficiency: Causes Beriberi Syndrome and Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome.
Sources: Meat, grains, sunflower seeds, brown rice, asparagus, kale, cauliflower, potatoes, oranges, liver and eggs are the good sources Thiamine.
Scientific name: Riboflavin
Function: Vital for the growth and development of body cells and helps with food metabolism.
Symptoms of deficiency: Inflammation of the lips, cleft lip and palate
Sources: Found in asparagus, bananas, persimmons, okra, cheese, milk, yogurt, meat, eggs, fish and green beans.
Scientific name: Pantothenic acid
Function: Needed for energy and hormone production.
Deficiency symptoms: It can cause drowsiness or tingling
Sources: The best sources are meat, whole grains, broccoli, avocados and yogurt.
Scientific letters: pyridoxine, pyridoxamine, pyridoxal
Function: Critical for red blood cell formation.
Deficiency: Low levels may cause anemia and peripheral neuropathy.
Sources: Peas, liver, bananas, squash and nuts contain B6.
Scientific name: Biotin
Function: Enables the body to metabolize proteins, fats and carbohydrates. It also helps creatine making in the body, which is a vital protein in the skin, hair and nails.
Deficiency: Low levels may lead to dermatitis or inflammation of the intestines.
Sources: This vitamin is found in egg yolks, liver, broccoli, spinach and cheese.
Scientific letter: Folic acid
Function: Essential for making DNA and RNA.
Deficiency: During pregnancy, it can affect the fetal nervous system so doctors usually recommend folic acid supplements before and during pregnancy.
Sources: You can find it in vegetables, peas, legumes, liver, some fortified cereal products, and sunflower seeds.
Scientific name: Ascorbic acid
Function: Helps the production of collagen, wound healing and bone formation. It also strengthens blood vessels, supports the immune system and helps the body absorb iron.
Deficiency: Leads to scurvy. The disease causes bleeding gums, loss of teeth, poor tissue growth and wound healing.
Sources: Found in a variety of fruits and vegetables, but heat destroys vitamin C.
Scientific letters: Tocopherol, tocotrinol
Function: Its antioxidant activity helps prevent oxidative stress, which increases the risk of widespread inflammation and various diseases.
Deficiency: Rarely may cause hemolytic anemia in infants. This disease kills blood cells.
Sources: This vitamin is found in wheat germ, kiwi, almonds, eggs, nuts, vegetables and vegetable oils.
Scientific Letters: Philoquinone, Menacinone
Function: Its presence is necessary for blood not to be clotted.
Deficiency: Its low level causes unusual sensitivity to bleeding or bleeding diathesis.
Sources: The sources are pumpkins, figs and parsley.
A balanced diet that includes variety of fruits and vegetables can be the main source of vitamins that the body does not make. Vitamin supplements are needed in some cases, including during pregnancy, people with limited diets, and those with specific health problems.
To get enough vitamins, it is recommended to use natural supplements along with nutrition. NBS superfood is made from whole grains and its consumption will not cause any health problems. This natural supplement contains sufficient amounts of the vitamins mentioned in this article, such as: A, K, E, C and B vitamins. NBS superfood is also rich in nutrients such as magnesium, calcium, selenium and omega-3, which are good for the body metabolism.
According to this article, regular taking of natural NBS superfood supplement can meet the body’s need for vitamins.
Vitamin is a mineral compound, meaning it has carbon. It is also an essential nutrient that the body receives through food. Different vitamins play different roles in the body, and a person needs a different amount of each vitamin to stay healthy. In this article, we explained what vitamins are, what they do, and which foods are good sources of vitamins that the body cannot make.