What are the differences between Vitamin B9, Folic Acid or Folate?
Vitamin B9 is of two types including natural type of this vitamin called Folate, and synthetic form of this vitamin called Folic acid. Although both of them are Vitamin B9 forms, but they have special differences that can be very effective in our health.
Vitamin B9 is in the folate group and its structure derived from folic acid.
What is Folic Acid?
Folic acid is a synthetic form of folate or vitamin B9 that is used for food fortification. Folic acid is different from the folate found in our food sources.
Folic acid is a synthetic dietary supplement found in artificially fortified foods and vitamin supplements.
Folic acid is not a natural substance for metabolism in the body. Therefore, in order to be absorbed by the body, it must first be reduced to Dihydrofolate and then to tetrahydrofolate in the liver before it can enter the folate cycle.
What is folate?
Folate or vitamin B9 is one of the 13 essential vitamins for the body. It cannot be produced in the body and you have to get enough amount of this vitamin through supplements.
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This natural vitamin plays a key role in basic cellular processes, such as nucleic acid biosynthesis, methyl group evolution, and amino acid metabolism. It is also effective in DNA replication and thus cell growth and repair. Diagnosing and treating folate deficiency prevents anemia and the risk of neural tube defects.
Deficiency of folate and vitamin B12 at the same time is associated with depression and neuropathy. Folate deficiency or its excess can cause some cancers.
Vitamin B9 is very essential to guarantee normal growth of embryo during pregnancy period. B9 deficiency of mother can lead to baby weight loss at birth.
Vitamin B9 Deficiency and its compensation by Folic Acid
Although vitamin B9 is not be produced in the body, but it is essential for cellular activity. Deficiency of this vitamin is due to improper nutrition. It causes problems such as anemia, neural tube defects, depression and neuropathy. Many countries to prevent these kind of problems have begun to fortify foods with folic acid. In some countries, flour and grain products have been fortified to reduce congenital neural tube defects.
This approach has raised concerns about the effects of this synthetic vitamin on our body to turn into cancer. According to current research, this acid, along with vitamin B12, has been associated with an increase in cancer and its mortality in patients with ischemic heart disease in Norway.
Therefore, excessive consumption of folic acid has adverse health effects.
Vitamin B9 food sources
Vitamin B9 or folate is a natural nutrient found in vegetables with green leaves, legumes, egg yolks, liver, cabbage (raw and cooked), lean soy, wheat germ and citrus fruits.
Can folate and folic acid cause cancer
Folate and folic acid are not metabolically active and both of them should be reduced to participate in cellular metabolism.
Studies shows that consumption of folate prevents cancer and its deficiency can increase the early stages of cancer. High doses of folic acid also can increase the growth of cancer cells.
The results of a clinical trial shows that daily consumption of 0.8 mg of this form of vitamin B9 per day along with 0.4 mg of vitamin B12 for 39 months was associated with an increased probability of cancer. These findings mainly indicate the incidence of lung cancer.
NBS superfood supplement
NBS superfood unlike other supplements contains vitamin B9 in the form of folate. Vitamin B9 in superfood is another confirmation of the natural origin of this product. Vitamin B9 in NBS superfood affects cellular metabolism and does not cause any harm.
While folic acid in vitamins, unnatural drugs or supplements may lead to cancer due to deposition in the liver. You can easily get the vitamin B9 your body needs by consuming NBS superfood supplement daily and do not worry about this vitamin deficiency or the side effects of taking vitamin B9.
Vitamin B9 folate required for different people
Men (mg / day)
Women (mg / day)
15 years and older