What is Vitamin B1?

vitamin b1
Vitamin B1 or thiamine is one of the first vitamins to be officially recognized. This vitamin plays a key role in energy metabolism and nerve cells function.Vitamin B1 storage in the body is very low as it is excreted after 14 days. Because this vitamin is soluble in water and can be excreted with urine and sweating, its high consumption does not harm the body.
Vitamin B1 deficiency causes
Most of the foods contains vitamin B1, however many people are deficient in it, this is because of consumption of certain foods that prevent the absorption or excretion of vitamin B1 from the body.Some Vitamin B1 deficiency causes are consuming tea and coffee, raw seafood, drinking alcohol, consuming antacids used to reduce stomach acid, smoking, excessive consumption of carbohydrates such as rice and bread. Also, if we consider soil erosion and declining food quality, we will see a slight deficiency of vitamin B1 in many people.
Vitamin B1 benefits
Vitamin B1 benefits
• improves the body's metabolism and increases energy
Vitamin B1 plays an important role in the production of red blood cells. It also helps digest food easier by converting protein and carbohydrate molecules into energy.

• Eye health

Due to key role of vitamin B1 in the body, its consumption is recommended to have healthy eyes. Vitamin B1 and its sources in combination with fatty acids such as omega-3 and omega-6 are useful to prevent cataracts and maintain eye health. Swelling of the optic nerve can causes blindness, which thiamine can prevent.

• Improves the nervous system health

Vitamin B1 deficiency can causes problems such as confusion, memory loss, dementia and even forgetfulness. These problems are more common in smokers because more thiamine is excreted in their urine. According to research, thiamine levels in older people with Alzheimer’s are often lower than normal.
• Improves Cardiovascular health
Vitamin B1 or Thiamine, plays an important role in cardiovascular and endocrine function. Vitamin B1 Food sources have an inevitable effect on blood circulation and heart function. Regular and continuous consumption of this vitamin can help weight loss, reduce heart disease risks and frequent urination.
• Prevents muscle weakness and spasm
Thiamine or vitamin B1 can be useful for diabetics. It is also effective on preventing muscles cramp and exercise pain and also reducing lactic acid. Vitamin B1 deficiency causes problems such as restless legs syndrome, muscle pain, weakness, increase subcutaneous water, obesity, swelling of the hands, feet and chin and puffy eyes.
• Strengthens the digestive system
Consumption of thiamine or vitamin B1 can be helpful for strengthening digestive system and increase appetite. Lack of vitamin B1 can causes anxiety, depression, and sometimes reduce appetite and fatigue.
Symptoms and Complications of Vitamin B1 Deficiency
Symptoms and Complications of Vitamin B1 Deficiency ​

Vitamin B1 deficiency causes improper nutrition or alcohol consumption. It can have many side effects such as

  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Digestion problems such as bloating, anorexia, bulimia nervosa, and severe weight loss
  • Nerve damage and even insanity
  • Confusion and memory loss
  • Muscle weakness
  • Heart problems
  • Insomnia
  • Inability to concentrate

Severe vitamin B1 deficiency causes paralysis, skin anesthesia and disease, which is usually associated with severe neurological disorders. It can also damage the nervous system and it can even lead to death if left untreated.

Vitamin B1 Food sources

Thiamine is naturally available in many foods. Some of Vitamin B1 food sources areWhole grains Bread, rice and pasta Meat, especially fish meat Legumes Nuts and kernels
Uses of vitamin B1 supplements

Doctors usually prescribe vitamin B1 supplements to speed up the healing of patient’s problems.

Vitamin B1 and Weight loss:

a healthy diet along with exercise supplement helps reduce appetite and convert fats into energy.

Help to quit alcohol addiction:

The energy and sugar produced by alcohol is very high. Each gram of alcohol has 7 calories, while each gram of protein or carbohydrates contains 4 calories. Those who are addicted to alcohol are deficient in B vitamins, so they will not be able to release energy from food and they constantly faced a lack of energy and as a result they want even more alcohol.

In general, taking B vitamins is very effective to help alcoholic people to quit.

Help neurological problems:

In addition to medical treatment, many doctors use vitamin B1 supplements to help their patients to get rid of problems such as anxiety, depression and other neurological problems.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *