Almost everyone has experienced muscle pain once in their lifetime. These pains have various causes, some of which are due to muscle diseases in the body. Muscle cramps can also occur in any area of the body, such as the abdomen, back, and legs. These pains can be treated with medication or special moves.
Muscle cramps causes
If the cramps are in a specific part of the body, the pain begins with the activity of the muscles in that part. Sometimes the pain is so severe that the person cannot continue the activity. Muscle pain can be a sign of a problem or disease that has affected the whole body. This type of pain usually affects only a few muscles.
Causes of muscle pain
The most common causes of muscle pain are:
- Injuries such as sprains or spasm
- Excessive use of muscle
- Start exercising without warming up or cooling down
- Tension or stress
- Taking medications such as ACE inhibitors to lower blood pressure and statins to lower cholesterol
- Dermatomyositis (inflammation of connective tissue)
- Deficiency of potassium and calcium in the body
- Fibromyalgia (sensitivity in the muscle and its surrounding soft tissue)
- Influenza and Covid-19
- Diseases such as Lyme, malaria, muscle abscess, polio, trichinosis and lupus
- Rheumatoid myeloma (pain and stiffness around the joint)
- Polymyositis (an inflammatory disease that causes muscle weakness)
- Rhabdomyolysis (muscle collapse)
- Chronic compartment syndrome
- Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
- Myofascial pain syndrome
- Rheumatoid arthritis (inflammatory joint disease)
Leg muscle pain
Most leg muscle pain is caused by wear, trauma, injury to the joints, bones, muscles, ligaments, and tendons. Also, leg pain can be caused by blood clots, varicose veins, lower back problems, or poor circulation.
If leg muscle pain is due to muscle cramps or minor injuries, it can usually be treated at home. To do this, rest your feet and put a pillow under it. Take painkillers such as aspirin or ibuprofen to relieve leg muscle pain. Wear socks that stick to the foot and keep the leg muscles warm.
Abdominal muscle pain
Abdominal muscle pain can be caused by a ruptured, stretched, or damaged abdominal muscle. For this reason, these abdominal pains are sometimes called abdominal stretches. Abdominal cramps can be treated at home if they are mild.
- Keeping the abdomen warm helps to relax muscles and relieve tension. The heat also increases blood flow to the affected area.
- Anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and naproxen sodium are prescribed for swelling and inflammation, as well as painkillers such as aspirin and acetaminophen to relieve pain.
- Get enough rest and avoid any activity that causes stress or tension.
- After the symptoms are subsided, do abdominal strengthening exercises, depending on your physical strength.
Muscle pain in the back and waist
Most back and waist muscle aches get better after a month of rest at home. For many, however, the pain does not go away after a few months, so they need to see a doctor for treatment. Over-the-counter painkillers and keeping your back warm are the best remedies for your waist pain.
Try to have as much light activities as you can, such as walking. Avoid any activity that increases pain. If home remedies do not work after a few weeks, your doctor may suggest stronger medications such as muscle relaxants, topical analgesics, and antidepressants, or other treatments such as physiotherapy and surgery.
Musculoskeletal pain affects muscles, ligaments, tendons and bones. People with this type of bone pain sometimes feel pain all over their body. They may feel that their muscles are stretched or overworked.
Treatments for musculoskeletal pain include:
- Injecting anti-inflammatory drugs into or around painful areas
- Exercises related to strengthening and stretching muscles
- Physiotherapy or occupational therapy
- Massage therapy
Nervous muscle pain
Sometimes, the nerves become excessively sensitive and doing things that would not normally be a problem becomes painful for those with neuromuscular pain. Nerve damage is not just a pain, and a person may also experience anesthesia. Severe nerve damage can cause paralysis and also affect digestion and respiration. The severity of nerve muscle cramps is usually related to the severity of the underlying disease; So, in general, with increasing age, nerve pain increases.
Lifestyle changes, dietary supplements, electrical stimulation, , acupuncture, meditation, massage, analgesics, antidepressants, anticonvulsants, and topical therapies are helpful in treating neuromuscular pain.
Covid-19 muscle pain
Studies show that most patients who are infected by Covid-19 disease experience excruciating and debilitating joint pain during the course of the illness or even after recovery. When the disease is less severe, people can reduce the amount of pain at home by doing the following.
- by strengthening exercises they can strengthen the muscles around the joint. Note that these exercises should not cause joint pain and in case of pain, the movements should be changed or stopped.
- Anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and naproxen may relieve joint pain. Topical medications, along with keeping muscles warm, are also good ways to relieve pain.
Muscle pain in pregnancy
Painful abnormal muscle contractions that affect the legs are common during pregnancy. These pains often occur at night in the second and third trimesters. The exact cause of muscle cramps and pain in pregnancy is not known, but the following ways can be used to reduce symptoms:
Regular physical activity can prevent muscle cramps during pregnancy.
Magnesium supplementation reduces muscle cramps during pregnancy.
Drink enough water.
Decreased blood calcium during pregnancy may lead to muscle pains.
Wearing appropriate shoes, taking a hot shower and massaging the muscles can also be helpful.
NBS superfood and muscle pain
One way to reduce muscle soreness is through proper nutrition. Nutrients deficiency in the body is the source of many muscle cramps and pain. Vitamin D deficiency, for example, weakens bones and muscles. Also, weakening of connective tissues and joint pain and swelling can be due to a lack of vitamin C in the body.
Magnesium has analgesic effects on muscles by acting on ion channels. Scientific research suggests that deficiencies in other nutrients, such as potassium, calcium, and B vitamins, can also cause muscle pain. One of the main NBS superfood consumer groups is people with muscle pain. This evidence shows that daily consumption of NBS superfood can relieve muscle cramps and pain. This natural supplement containing vitamins such as D, C and B group as well as magnesium, calcium and potassium has a great effect on reducing muscle pain.
Muscle cramps are one of the most common pains that can be felt in a part or all of the body and are caused by various reasons such as illness. These pains affect different parts of the body, such as the legs, back, abdomen and bones. For each of these muscle pains, there are good treatment options available that can be easily used.