Lumbar disc Types and treatments

Lumbar disc Types and treatments

These days the Lumbar and neck discs are very common diseases. There are various types of this complaint, patients usually feel the most severe pain in their back and neck area.

Some of the lumbar disc symptoms include inflammation and pain which can also affect other parts of the body, such as the hands and legs.

There are different treatments for the lumbar disc, Which each one has some advantages and disadvantages.

Surgery is one of these treatments that is associated with complications in long run.

Instead, exercises such as Williams exercise, nutritional modification, and taking vitamins and minerals are effective in preventing and treating this disease.

What is a lumbar and neck disc?

A disc word is an abbreviated form of the word intervertebral disc.
Intervertebral discs are the spongy tissues between the vertebrae of the spine, which separate the bones.

They prevent sudden shocks to the vertebrae, hold the spine in its place and cause the vertebrae to move only on a specific axis. They can withstand a lot of pressure and load, but a certain type of pressure can make them stretched and irritated.

In some cases, this pressure can push the contents of the disc out, which is called a disc protrusion.
Aging also causes some changes in the person’s neck and back disc.

Dehydration of the tissue between the discs, narrowing and tissue changes are also some of the other changes that are not
necessarily associated with pain.

Lumbar disc


Depending on the severity of the disease condition, Symptoms of Lumber and neck disc can be different. Some common symptoms include:
• Pain in the neck and back
• Back pain when bending or sitting for a long time
• Back pain with coughing, sneezing, laughing, or squeezing

• Feeling of pain, numbness, or tingling in the legs or arms

Lumbar disc in the legs

Symptoms of neck and lumbar

One of the most common types of disc complications is leg pain.
Leg pain often occurs due to an injury to the lower back.

This is happening because the collision of the disc and spinal nerve together, which causes inflammation and as a result, the pain is transferred to the lower parts of the patient’s body and causes severe pain and weakness in the legs.

Types of lumbar discs

Lumbar discs are divided into five types:
• Spinal cord injury
• Anterior spinal cord injury
• Rupture around the neck and lumbar disc
• Rupture of the disc, outside and inside the intervertebral foramen.
• Rupture Lateral disc.

Effective treatments

Most of the problems due to lumbar discs are temporary and will be disappeared after a while.
Sometimes, getting rest for a few days can work as a primary treatment.
However, severe pain cases cannot be treated by taking rest alone.
Therapies such as massage and heat therapy (for example, using hot water bags and belts for low back pain) can help to reduce its pains.
There is still no certain cure way for the acute pains of this disease.

However, some medications  such as Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory, Pain relievers like paracetamol, injections of anti-inflammatory steroids into the affected spinal nerve area can relieve pain but are associated with long-term side effects.

The best exercise for lumbar disc

One of the best ways to treat a lumbar disc is doing exercise. lumbar disc patients should gradually increase the activity in the pain area to have more flexibility make the muscles stronger.

to get rich this purpose, you can do special strengthening exercises, which one of them called the Williams sport.

This sport is a collection of stretching exercises that focus on the lower back muscles. Williams exercises strengthen the abdominal muscles, open the nerve holes between the vertebrae.

and also, doing this exercise can be helpful for stretch thighs, buttocks, and back.

Of course, consider that first of all you should consult with a doctor because they can lead to complications.

Lumbar disc surgery

One of the contributing factors which can lead to the occurrence of these severe pains may be an excessive protrusion of the lumbar disc.
Surgery can help relieve the pains caused by this disease. Also, it can be used to reduce pressure on the damaged spinal nerve.

In some cases, the disc is removed for two vertebrae to be welded on either side. However, due to its complication and side effects, most specialists recommend surgery.
Infection, nerve damage, deteriorating disease, and urinary tract problems are some of the surgery’s side effects.

Effect of Proper nutrition

Some of the suitable foods for the neck and lumbar disc are the following:

• Consumption of plant proteins such as lentil seeds and beans, which have various antioxidants, fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Some vegetables have properties that help fight back problems. Cabbage, broccoli, and spinach work well against inflammation.

• Salmon is a good source of lean protein as well as other beneficial nutrients such as omega-3 that can promote bone health and tissue.

• Calcium is an essential mineral for maintaining and improving bone health. The easiest way to

get extra calcium in your diet is consuming cheese, milk, and yogurt.

• Herbs and spices are valuable sources for boosting spinal health. Turmeric, cinnamon, rosemary,

basil and ginger are effective in reducing inflammation.

• Tea and herbal teas help boost your immune system, reduce inflammation, and besides they

taste great.

Useful Vitamins and nutrients for lumbar disc

Useful Vitamins and nutrients for lumbar disc

Recommended Vitamins for this disease are:
• Vitamin C: Strengthens the immune system and works as an anti-inflammatory.
•Vitamin D: Increases calcium absorption
•Vitamin E: Strengthens the immune system and reduces muscle pain
•Vitamin K: Helps the discs to absorb calcium.
•Omega-3: Consumption of omega-3 supplements for back pain can reduce the inflammation and degeneration of the intervertebral disc.


Preventive methods for lumbar disc

Maintaining a good posture of the body, while walking standing, sitting, or sleeping is very

Good body positions help maintain proper bones and joints and prevent excessive wear and tear.

Keep fit

Maintaining a normal weight is important for the general health of the body and preventing this
disease. Being overweight puts more pressure on the lumbar discs in the spine.

Lift objects the right way

Usage of the proper lifting objects methods is an important step in preventing back pain. For
For example, when lifting heavy objects, try to bend your knees instead of bending your back.

Quit Smoking

Quit Smoking

Smokers are more prone to the disease due to the rapid destruction and instability of the spine.
Also, because smoking disrupts the oxygen supply to the blood, it accelerates and aggravates the disease.

Perform stretching exercises

Stretching exercises help you to avoid muscles stretch, especially after long sittings. This is
especially important for those who have a sedentary lifestyle and sit all day long. Yoga and
Pilates are exercises that help relax and stretch muscles.


Nowadays, Lumbar disc is a painful disease that affects many people. This disease is of different
types and shows various symptoms. So far, we introduced some treatments such as surgery. The
best method we recommend is doing exercises to strengthen the spine without any side effects.
By using nutrition and consumption of some vitamins and minerals, it is possible to help treat
and prevent this disease without any complications.


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